Capacitors & Inductors with

Variable Constant Current Sources:

__Special Notes:__

"Opposition to the Rate of Cha

and the "Rate of Cha

The Reactance of a Capacitor to a "

## ICE pdf file (44Kb) available.

Note that the Current and Voltage relationships are 90^{o}out of each other, where at maximum voltage change (while crossing zero volts), that the charging current is maximum. Remember that Capacitors do not like voltage changes.## Note that in the illustration given, that where the current (I) is shown leading the voltage (E), and we can easily place the letter "C" between them ... hence the description "I

CE" of the "ELI the ICE man". We can also say that the voltage is lagging the current.

The Reactance of an Inductor to a "Rate of Changing Current of a Sine Wave":

## ELI pdf file (37Kb) available

Note that the Current and Voltage relationships are 90^{o}out of each other, where at he maximum current change (while crossing zero), that the resulting CEMF is at it's maximum. Remember that Inductors do not like current changes.## Note that in the illustration given, that where the voltage (E) is shown leading the current (I), and we can easily place the letter "L" between them ... hence the description "E

LI" of the "ELI the ICE man". We can also say that the current is lagging the voltage.

Particularly notice the difference between the "Reaction" of a Capacitor to the same variation of a "Constant Current Source" output, v.s. the "Reaction" of an Inductor to that same variation of current:

whereas presenting a varying "Constant Current Source" in the form of a

(Compare those illustrations with this combined PDF File, 71Kb)

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L&CSpecialEffects.html - SfE-DCS, ddf - 11/04/2001